- Understand the different branches of anatomy.
- Learn the language and terminology used in anatomy.
Connecting to the BIG Picture
Well, to put it in the simplest way possible studying anatomy is like laying the foundation to a building project.
'The deeper it goes; the more stability it will offer'.
Anatomy is the basis of all streams of medical science and allied science. Read the article below for more.
WHAT IS ANATOMY?
Human anatomy refers to the study of the human body.
Origin of the word - 'Anatome' is a greek word that means 'Cutting up'.
(ana=up ; tome=cutting)
NORMAL ANATOMICAL POSITION
NOTE: Every single structure in the human body is studied keeping in mindits normal anatomical position.
- The term 'normal anatomical position' will be repeatedly taught to you during your study of anatomy.
- The interactive activity below is designed to help you better understand the anatomical position of the human body. Click on the hotspots to get the description.
OTHER TERMS USED TO DESCRIBE THE POSITION OF THE BODY
Now that you are familiar with the normal anatomical position of the human body let us study the other positions.
- Supine position: In the supine position the subject lies flat with the face and torso facing upwards. The arms are by the side of the body and lower limbs are extended.
- Prone position: This position is the opposite of the supine position. Here the subject lies flat but on his stomach with face either facing downwards or sideways.
- Lithotomy position: this is a modified form of the supine position. The subject lies flat on his back with face directed upwards, lower limbs flexed and supported on stirrups to spread the thighs. This position is commonly used in the inspection of the pelvic area and for childbirth.
- A plane is a hypothetical line that divides the body to describe its structures.
- The video below will walk you through the three main planes used in anatomy.
IMPORTANT DESCRIPTIVE TERMS USED IN ANATOMY
The language of anatomy is literally filled with greek and latin words that may initially be hard to understand and memorize. However, repeated use of these terms will help you get a stronger grip of the language as you go deeper.
The terminology can be studied under two headings
- Directional terms
- Movement terms
The videos below will help you get a clear picture.
DIRECTIONAL TERMS :
- These terms help us describe one anatomical structure in relation to another.
MOVEMENT TERMS :
- These terms are used to describe movements of body parts.
- In this video you will study a few of the movements that are most commonly seen in our daily activities.
- Other movements of the joints will be studied further in the sessions to follow.
|History of anatomy||Human anatomy goes back thousands of years. Various paintings on the walls of caves during the stones ages suggests that man has been studying the human body by cutting it open longer than we think.
However, modern anatomy made its way into science only much later.